Diabetes Care Management

Diabetes is known as a chronic disease linked to an impaired glucose cycle, having a negative effect on an individual’s metabolism.  Several steps are involved in the proper care and supervision of an individual with this condition.

What are your Diabetes Care Options?  And How Do These Options Work?

1. Physician Care

If you have been verified to have or even suspect that you may have diabetes, it is imperative to seek a physician, first and foremost.  This will allow your potential condition to be professionally diagnosed and monitored.

A medical doctor will perform one or more of a number of glucose tests to screen you for conditions including pre-diabetes and diabetes.  These glucose tests include: FPG (Fasting Plasma Glucose), FBS (Fasting Blood Sugar), Post Prandial, Glucose Tolerance Test, and Random Glucose Test.  If you do have diabetes, it will then be determined which type you have:  Type 1 (insulin dependent), also known as “juvenile diabetes”; Type 2 (non-insulin dependent), also known as “adult onset diabetes”; or hypoglycemia (low blood glucose).

2. Diabetes Medication

Medication may be prescribed to help maintain the particular type of diabetes with which a patient may be diagnosed.

Here is a list of some medications available for diabetes and hypoglycemia:

  • Metformin HCL (generic for Glucophage): treats type 2 diabetes not controlled via diet alone
  • Glipizide SR (generic for Glucotrol XL): lowers blood glucose level for Type 2 Diabetes
  • Gliclazide (generic for Diamicron): stimulates beta cells in pancreas and raises insulin production)
  • Pioglitazone (generic for Actos): treats diabetes mellitus type 2
  • Glibenclamide (generic for Glynase): treats adult type 2 insulin-dependent patients

3. Diet

A physician may examine your existing diet and make recommendations on modifications, suggesting what foods you should and should not eat, based upon your blood sugar levels.  Complete elimination of all sugars and carbohydrates will not be offered for your dietary food intake plan.

Fresh fruits and non-starchy vegetables, whole grain foods, high protein foods (like fish and lean meats), and non-fat dairy foods may be suggested.  A reduction in calories as well as the avoidance of trans fats and other high calorie options will be an important part of balanced nutrition for any individual, particularly those with diabetic symptoms or officially-diagnosed diabetes.

Is there a danger with using a combination of diabetes medications?

Pharmaceutical drug interactions vary from one medication to another.  The best way to be certain if any type of interaction could pose a potential issue for you is to consult your physician.  Your condition and situation may require a variety of testing supplies, physician care, diet, exercise and medications to help you fight back against any type of diabetes.  To be safe, a physician should always be consulted when it comes to medical care and medications involved in that process, and your medical professional should even be made aware of your diet and exercise regimen.

Certain prescription medications may be formulated to work in conjunction with one another.  In some cases, they may be manufactured in combined form.  Examples include:

  • Metformin + Glyburide  (generic for Glucovance): for severely uncontrolled cases of Type 1 & 2 diabetes
  • Metformin + Pioglitazone (generic for Actos): helps maintained blood sugar levels for Type 2 patients

What Are the Costs Associated with Care Options?

Care options will vary depending on your insurance coverage and the particular physicians selected.  Your doctor may help you in selecting foods that are cost-effective yet conducive to a healthy lifestyle for individuals with diabetic and hypoglycemic conditions.  Purchasing medications in generic form can reduce the cost of diabetes related pharmaceuticals.